State-wise Rice Productivity Analysis
|State : Andhra Pradesh|
In Andhra Pradesh, rice is grown in 22 districts. Out of this 14 districts are falling under high productivity group, that is, yield more than 2500 kg/ha. These 14 districts together accounted for 32.56 lakh hectares. Triennium average area under rice in Andhra Pradesh, which was 77.7% of average area under rice i.e., 41.90 lakh hectares during triennium ending 2000-2001. Average production during the same year was 97.46 lakh tonnes, which contributed 83.6% of average 116.58 lakh tonnes production in the State. Average productivity of 14 districts falling under high productivity group was 2,993 kg/ha during triennium ending 2000-2001, which was 53.7% higher than the average national productivity of 1,947 kg/ha and 7.6% higher than the state average productivity of 2,782 kg/ha respectively during the triennium ending 2000-2001.
Five districts are falling under medium productivity group i.e., yield in the range of 2000 to 2500 kg/ha. These five districts accounted for 4.88 lakh hectares average area under rice in the state, which was 11.6% of average area under rice in the state during triennium ending 2000-2001. Average production of these five districts during the same triennium was 11.17 lakh tonnes, which was 9.6% of 116.58 lakh tonnes of state’s triennium average production of rice. Average productivity of five districts coming under medium productivity group was 2,289 kg/ha during triennium ending 2000-2001, which was more than the average national productivity of 1,947 kg/ha, but less than the average state productivity of 2782 kg/ha.
In Andhra Pradesh, two districts are having medium-low productivity, that is, yield in the range of 1500-2000 kg/ha. The average rice area in these two districts was 3.32 lakh hectares, which accounted for 7.9% of average area under rice in the state during triennium ending 2000-2001. Average rice production in these two districts was 6.32 lakh tonnes, which was 5.4 per cent of average production of rice in the state during the same triennium. Average productivity of two districts was 1903 kg/ha during the triennium ending 2000-2001, which was much below the average productivity (2,782 kg/ha) of the state and slightly below the average national productivity of 1,947 kg/ha during the same period.
Only one district is having low productivity i.e., yield in the range of 1000-1500 kg/ha. Average area of rice in this district during triennium ending 2000-2001 was 1.14 lakh hectares, which was 2.7% of average triennium area under rice in the state. Average production during the same year was 1.63 lakh tonnes, which was 1.4% of average triennium production of rice in the state. Average productivity of rice in this district was 1,430 kg/ha during the triennium ending 2000-2001, which was nearly 50% below the average productivity (2,782 kg/ha) of the state.
It is evident from the above analysis that the productivity of Andhra Pradesh has gone up considerably due to adoption of high yielding varieties and improved package of practices. About 64% rice growing districts in the state are having high productivity status. In Andhra Pradesh about 78% area is concentrated in high productivity zone, which accounts for nearly 84% of total rice production in the state. Remaining 22% rice area in Andhra Pradesh is having medium to low productivity, which affects the total production of rice. If the productivity of such area is increased by adoption of advance production technology, the production can be increased vertically without expansion of area under rice.
Area, production and productivity of rice under different productivity groups in Andhra Pradesh during triennium ending 2000-2001 can be seen under Table-1.
|Area (Million Ha.)||Percent of State's Rice Area||Production in Lakh Tonnes||Percent of State's Rice Production||Productivity|
(> 2,500 Kg/Ha)
(> 2,000-2,500 Kg/Ha)
|3.||Medium-Low Productivity (> 1,500-2,000 Kg/Ha)||2||03.32||07.9||6.32||05.4||1,903|
(< 1,000 Kg/Ha)
|Number of Rice Growing Districts : 22|
(> 2,500 Kg/Ha.)
|Medium Productivity Districts|
|Medium-Low Productivity Districts|
|Low Productivity Districts|
|Very Low Productivity Districts (< 1,000 Kg/Ha.)|