State-wise Rice Productivity Analysis
|State : Tamil Nadu|
Rice is cultivated in 28 districts of Tamil Nadu. Out of which 27 districts are under high productivity group and one district is under low productivity group. Triennium average area of high productivity group (yield more than 2,500 kg/ha) comprising of 27 districts was 20.56 lakh hectares, which was 94.1% of triennium average area (21.84 lakh hectares) under rice in the State. Triennium average production was 74.48 lakh tonnes, which was 97.6% of triennium average production (76.31 lakh tonnes) of rice in the State. Triennium average productivity of high productivity group comprising of 27 districts was 3,623 kg/ha as against 3,494 kg/ha triennium average productivity of the State.
Triennium average area of low productivity group (yield 1,000-1,500 kg/ha) in one district was 1.28 lakh hectares, which was 5.9% of triennium average area (21.84 lakh hectares) under rice in the State. Triennium average production was 1.83 lakh tonnes, which was 2.4% of triennium average production (76.31 lakh tonnes) of rice in the State. Triennium average productivity of low productivity group in one district was 1,430 kg/ha as against 3,494 kg/ha, triennium average productivity of the State.
About 94% of total area under rice in the State is concentrated in high productivity group, which accounts for about 98% of total production of rice in the State. In fact, Tamil Nadu ranks first in the country in productivity of rice. Triennium average productivity of rice in Tamil Nadu is 3,494 kg/ha, which is 79% higher than triennium average productivity (1,947 kg/ha) of the country.
Area, production and productivity of rice under different productivity groups in Tamil Nadu during triennium ending 2000-2001 are given in Table-22.
|Area (Million Ha.)||Percent of State's Rice Area||Production in Lakh Tonnes||Percent of State's Rice Production||Productivity|
(> 2,500 Kg/Ha)
(> 2,000-2,500 Kg/Ha)
|3.||Medium-Low Productivity (> 1,500-2,000 Kg/Ha)||-||-||-||-||-||-|
(< 1,000 Kg/Ha)
|Number of Rice Growing Districts : 28|
(> 2,500 Kg/Ha.)
|Medium Productivity Districts|
|Medium-Low Productivity Districts|
|Very Low Productivity|
(< 1,000 Kg/Ha.)